• Iranian Culture

      Iranian Culture

      Parsian Bank as the bank arising from Iranian culture and civilization; in line with its social responsibility is going to introduce notable people and national Iranian occasionson this page.


      Shiraz (/ʃɪəˈrɑːz/ (About this soundlisten); Persian: شيراز‎, Šīrāz, [ʃiːˈrɒːz] (About this soundlisten)) is the fifth-most-populous city of Iran[3] and the capital of Fars Province (Old Persian as Pars). At the 2016 census, the population of the city was 1,869,001 and its built-up area with "Shahr-e Jadid-e Sadra" (Sadra New Town) was home to 1,565,572 inhabitants.[4] Shiraz is located in the southwest of Iran on the "Rudkhaneye Khoshk" (The Dry River) seasonal river. It has a moderate climate and has been a regional trade center for over a thousand years. Shiraz is one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia Read More...".

      Mehdi Akhavan-Sales (March, 1929 in Mashhad, Iran - August 26, 1990 in Tehran, Iran)

      Mehdi Akhavan Sales was born to Ali, an apothecary (ʿaṭṭār) from Fahraj in Yazd province, and Maryam, a native of Khorasan.[1] Akhavan Sales was born in 1928 in Mashhad, Iran. He gave up an interest in music to appease his father. When the government of prime minister Mohammad Mosaddegh was toppled, he was imprisoned along with other political activists. His daughter Laleh, was born while he was in prison.Read More...".

      Mohammad Ebrahim Bastani Parizi

      Mohammad Ebrahim Bastani Parizi (Persian: محمد ابراهيم باستاني پاريزي‎, 12 December 1924 – 25 March 2014; born in Pariz) was an Iranian historian, translator, poet, essayist and author of non-fiction books. His numerous publications (over 50 books) are mostly popular reads on topics such as the history of Iran and the history of his hometown Kerman.


      Mehregān (Persian: مهرگان‎‎ or Jašn-e Mehr جشن مهر Mithra Festival) is a Zoroastrian and Persian festival [1][2][3][4][5] celebrated to honor the yazata Mithra (Persian: Mehr‎‎), which is responsible for friendship, affection and love. It is also widely referred to as the Persian Festival of Autumn.

      Mohammad-Reza Shajarian

      Mohammad-Reza Shajarian (Persian: محمدرضا شجريان‎‎; Persian pronunciation: [mohæmːæd ɾeˈzɒː ʃæʤæɾiˈɒːn]) (born 23 September 1940, Mashhad, Razavi Khoarasan, Iran) is an internationally and critically acclaimed Iranian classical singer, composer and Ostad (master) of Persian traditional music.[2][3][4] He has been called "Iran's greatest living maestro of Persian classical music. Read More...

      Avicenna ( Latinized form of Ibn-Sīnā, full name Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn ibn Abd Allāh ibn Al-Hasan ibn

      Ali ibn Sīnā[5] أبو علي الحسين بن عبد الله بن الحسن بن علي بن سينا; c. 980 – June 1037) was a Persian polymath who is regarded as one of the most significant thinkers and writers of the Islamic Golden Age.[6] Of the 450 works he is known to have written, around 240 have survived, including 150 on philosophy and 40 on medicine.[7] His most famous works are The Book of Healing – a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia, and The Canon of Medicine – a medical encyclopedia[8][9][10] which became a standard medical text at many medieval universities[11] and remained in use as late as 1650.[12] In 1973, Avicenna's Canon Of Medicine was reprinted in New York.[13] Read More...".

      Pahlevani and zoorkhaneh rituals

      Pahlevāni and zoorkhāneh rituals is the name inscribed by UNESCO for varzesh-e pahlavāni (Persian: آيين پهلواني و زورخانه‌اي‎‎, "heroic sport")[1] or varzesh-e bāstāni (ورزش باستاني; varzeš-e bāstānī, "ancient sport"), a traditional system of athletics originally used to train Persian warriors in Iran (Persia) and adjacent lands since the Achaemenid Empire. Outside Iran, zoorkhānehs can be found in Azerbaijan, and they were introduced into Iraq in the mid-19th century, where they seem to have existed until the 1980s Read More...".

      14th April national day for commemoration of Farid ud-Din Attar Neishaburi

      Information about Attar's life is rare and scarce. He is mentioned by only two of his contemporaries, `Awfi and Tusi. However, all sources confirm that he was from Nishapur, a major city of medieval Khorasan (now located in the northeast of Iran), and according to `Awfi, he was a poet of the Seljuq period.According to Reinert: It seems that he was not well known as a poet in his own lifetime, except at his home town, and his greatness as a mystic, a poet, and a master of narrative was not discovered until the 15th century. At the same time, the mystic Persian poet Rumi has mentioned: "Attar was the spirit, Sanai his eyes twain, And in time thereafter, Came we in their train"[5] and mentions in another poem: "Attar has traversed the seven cities of Love, We are still at the turn of one street Read More...".


      Zoroaster's name in his native language, Avestan, was probably Zaraϑuštra. His English name, "Zoroaster", derives from a later (5th century BC) Greek transcription, Zōroastrēs (Ζωροάστρης),[10] as used in Xanthus's Lydiaca (Fragment 32) and in Plato's First Alcibiades (122a1). This form appears subsequently in the Latin Zōroastrēs and, in later Greek orthographies, as Zōroastris..Read More


      Legends have it that King Hushang, the 2nd king of the mythological Pishdadian dynasty (Pishdad means to give the Law), established the Sadeh tradition. It is said that once Hushang was climbing a mountain when all of a sudden he saw a snake and wanted to hit it with a stone. When he threw the stone, it fell on another stone and since they were both flint stones, fire broke out and the snake escaped.

      .Read More

      Amir Kabir

      Amir Kabir was born into a lowly household at Hazaveh in the Farahan district, now situated in Markazi Province of Iran. His father, Karbalaʾi Mohammad Qorban, entered the service of Mirza Abu'l-Qasim Farahani Qa'im Maqam of Farahan as cook, and when Mirza Bozorg was appointed chief minister to ʿAbbas Mirza, the crown prince, in Tabriz, Karbalaʾi Qorban accompanied him there, taking his son with him.

      .Read More

      Nima Yooshij

      He was the eldest son of Ibrahim Nuri of Yush (a village in Baladeh, Nur County, Mazandaran province of Iran). He was a Tabarian but had also Georgian roots. He grew up in Yush, mostly helping his father with the farm and taking care of the cattle. As a boy, he visited many local summer and winter camps and mingled with shepherds and itinerant workers. Images of life around the campfire,

      .Read More

      Ahmad Mahmoud

      In his youth he worked as a day laborer, driver, construction worker and suffered imprisonment for leftist political views and oppositionist activities. His first story appeared in Omid-e Iran magazine, and in 1959 Mahmoud began publishing collections of stories with Mul (The Paramour).

      Other collections followed: Darya Hanuz Aram Ast (The Sea Is Still Calm) 1960.Read More

      Forugh Farrokhzad

      Forugh (also spelled Forough) was born in Tehran to career military officer Colonel Mohammad Bagher Farrokhzad (originally from Tafresh city) and his wife Touran Vaziri-Tabar in 1935. The third of seven children (Amir, Massoud, Mehrdad, Fereydoun Farrokhzad, Pooran Farrokhzad, Gloria), she attended school until the ninth grade, then was taught painting and sewing at a girls' school for the manual arts.Read More

      Ahmad Shàmlu

      Shamlou has translated extensively from French to Persian and his own works are also translated into a number of languages. He has also written a number of plays, edited the works of major classical Persian poets, especially Hafiz. .Read More

      Jalal Al-e-Ahmad

      Jalal was born into a religious family in Tehran. He was a cousin of Mahmoud Taleghani.[2] His father was an Islamiccleric originally from the small village of Owrazan in Taleghan mountains. After elementary school Al-e-Ahmad was sent to earn a living in the Tehran bazaar, but also attended Marvi Madreseh for a religious education.Read More...".

      Touran Mirhadi

      Fazlollah Mirhadi, Touran's father, left Iran in 1909 to study mechanical and structural engineering in Germany. He was part of the first wave of Iranians to study abroad after the Iranian Constitutional Revolution. Many of these young Iranians, Mirhadi among them, were interested not only in western science and technology but also progressive social and political ideas of the modern world.Read More

      7th October national day for commemoration of Sohrab Sepehri

      He was born in Kashan, Iran. He is considered to be one of the five most famous Iranian poets who have practiced modern poetry.[1] Other practitioners of this form were Nima Youshij, Ahmad Shamlou, Mehdi Akhavan-Sales, and Forough Farrokhzad.Read More...".

      11th October national day for commemoration of Khwāja Shams-ud-Dīn Muhammad Hāfez-e Shīrāzī

      Hafez was born in Shiraz, Iran. His parents were from Kazerun, Fars Province. Despite his profound effect on Persian life and culture and his enduring popularity and influence, few details of his life are known. Accounts of his early life rely upon traditional anecdotes. Early tazkiras (biographical sketches) mentioning Hafez are generally considered unreliable.Read More...".

      Hossein Dehlavi

      He was born in 1927 in Tehran, Iran, and studied composition at the Tehran Conservatory of Music with Hossein Nassehi. He studied Persian music with Abolhassan Saba and, from 1957 to 1967, was the principal conductor of the Persian Fine Arts Administration Orchestra.[1]Read More...".

      30th September national day for commemoration of Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī

      He is most commonly called Rumi in English. His full name is Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī (Persian: جلال‌الدين محمد بلخي‎‎) or Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Rūmī (جلال‌الدين محمد رومي). The words Jalal ad-Din mean 'Glory of the Faith' in the Arabic language. Balkhī and Rūmī are his nisbas, meaning "from Balkh" and "from Rûm" (Persian and Turkish[citation needed] name for Roman Anatolia), respectively. According to the authoritative Rumi biographer Franklin Lewis of the University of Chicago,Read More...".

      4th September national day for commemoration of Abū Rayhān Muhammad ibn Ahmad Al-Bīrūnī

      Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist.[9] He was conversant in Khwarezmian, Persian, Arabic, Sanskrit, Read More...".

      Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi

      Razi was born in the city of Rey situated on the Great Silk Road that for centuries facilitated trade and cultural exchanges between East and West.[12] His name Razi in Persian means "from the city of Rey", an ancient town called Ragha in old Persian or Ragâ in old Bactrian.[13] It is located on the southern slopes of the Alborz Range situated near Tehran, Iran. In his youth, Razi moved to Baghdad where he studied and practiced at the local bimaristan (hospital). Later, he was invited back to Rey by Mansur ibn Ishaq, then the governor of Rey, and became a bimaristan's head.[2] He dedicated two books on medicine to Mansur ibn Ishaq, The Spiritual Physic and Al-Mansūrī on Medicine.[2][14][15][16] Because of his newly acquired popularity as physician, Razi was invited to Baghdad where he assumed the responsibilities of a director in a new hospital named after its founder al-Muʿtaḍid (d. 902 CE).[2]Read More...".

      Simin Behbahani (Persian: سيمين بهبهاني‎‎; 20 June 1927 – 19 August 2014) was a prominent Iranian contemporaneity poet, lyricist and activist.

      She was an icon of the modern Persian poetry, Iranian intelligentsia and literati who affectionately refer to her as the lioness of Iran.[1] She was nominated twice for the Nobel Prize in literature, and has "received many literary accolades around the world."[2] Her surname also appears as Bihbahani. Read More...".

      Mahmoud Dowlatabadi (Persian: محمود دولت‌آبادي‎‎, Mahmud Dowlatâbâdi) (born 1 August 1940 in Dowlatabad, Sabzevar) is an Iranian writer and actor, known for his promotion of social and artistic freedom in contemporary Iran and his realist depictions of rural life, drawn from personal experience.

      In 1940, Mahmoud Dowlatabadi was born to a poor shoemaker in Dowlatabad, a remote village in the Sabzevar, the northwestern part of Khorasan Province, Iran.[1] He worked as a farmhand and attended Mas'ud Salman Elementary School, where he learned to read. Books were a revelation to the young boy. "I read all the romances that we had at that time around the village," he said in an interview. Read More...".

      21th May national day for commemoration of Omar Khayyám ; born Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām Nīshāpūrī

      Born in Nishapur, in northeastern Iran, also known as Persia, at a young age he moved to Samarkand and obtained his education there. Afterwards he moved to Bukhara and became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the Islamic Golden Age. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, Read More...".

      17th May national day for commemoration of Omar Khayyám ; born Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fat Umar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām Nīshāpūrī

      Born in Nishapur, in northeastern Iran, also known as Persia, at a young age he moved to Samarkand and obtained his education there. Afterwards he moved to Bukhara and became established as one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the Islamic Golden Age. Read More...".

      come my friend.Let's forget the cares of tomorrow
      And instead enjoy this moment of our life

      14th May national day for commemoration of Abu l-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi or Ferdowsi

      was a Persian poet and the author of the immortal epic of Shahnameh ("Book of Kings"), which is the world's longest epic poem created by a single poet, and the national epic of Iran and the Greater Iran. Having drafted the Shahnameh under patronage of the Samanid and the Ghaznavid courts of Iran, Ferdowsi is celebrated as the most influential figure in Persian literature and one of the greatest in the history of literature Read More...".

      8th May national day for commemoration of Abu Ja'far Muhammad ibn Ya'qub ibn Ishaq al-Kulayni al-Razi

      Al-Kulayni was born in Kulayn, a village or small town situated near Rey, in Iran.[2] His father was Ya'qub al-Kulayni, who is buried at Rey. He belonged to the era of the Minor Occultation of Muhammad a

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